Fine arts, painting, sculpture, architecture, poetry, music, theater is the general name given to all arts that aesthetically arouse a sense of pleasure. This term was first called “beaux arts” in French and was used for visual arts such as painting, sculpture and printing. The purpose of fine arts is to explain and interpret beauty.
The emergence of fine arts as a term is to separate art branches such as painting and sculpture from the craft and applied art types known as ceramics, textiles. Here "beautiful" is used to emphasize the connection with aesthetics, not the quality of the work of art. The term visual arts is used as an alternative, since it does not include modern and contemporary artworks that are applied today and are not limited to painting, sculpture and printing.
The fine arts determined by medieval scholars were much different. These were determined as "grammar, syntax, science of speech, calculus, philosophy, music, geometry, astronomy". But most of them have been included in the sciences in time and ceased to be in fine art.
When we think of fine arts, we think of various formations such as expressions through line, paint, clay, forms and patterns, which human beings have expressed themselves from ancient times until today. Fine arts are works expressed with reason and emotion, unlike the works done with human power that we see around us. Therefore, the expression "the level of fine arts in a society is determinative to measure the level that society has reached" is used. Let's examine the episodes that have changed from the past to the present.
Literature is a fine art made with the use of language, words.
Painting is a branch of fine art made in the form of drawing and painting lines on a background using oil, water or dry paints. The artist who deals with painting is called a painter.
Sculpture is the work of making three-dimensional beings that are in nature and imagined, using materials such as stone, mud, wood, and metal. Sculptors are called "sculptors".
Architecture is to create structures in different ways that appeal to people's aesthetic tastes. Historical works, palaces, fountains, bridges, mosques create the most beautiful works of a civilization. Its artists are named architects.
Music: It is the art of making sounds into melodies and presenting them. Music is divided into many parts. Music composers are called "music lovers".
Theater is a branch of art that is given to the animation and representation of a story on stage and by actors. Today, theater works are also featured in cinemas, radios and televisions. The people who represent the work on the stage are called "actors and actresses".
Dance is the name given to rhythmic movements performed in accordance with music. There are many types of it.
Apart from all these branches of art, cinema and photography are considered as areas of fine arts today.
What does fine arts mean?
Fine arts, painting, sculpture, architecture, poetry, music, theater is the general name given to all arts that aesthetically arouse a sense of pleasure. The purpose of fine arts is to explain and interpret beauty. The emergence of fine arts as a term is to separate art branches such as painting and sculpture from the craft and applied art types known as ceramics, textiles.